Goods and Service Tax (GST) is a comprehensive tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and service at a national level under which no distinction is made between goods and services for levying of tax. It will mostly substitute all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Central and State governments in India. GST is a tax on goods and services under which every person is liable to pay tax on his output and is entitled to get input tax credit (ITC) on the tax paid on its inputs(therefore a tax on value addition only) and ultimately the final consumer shall bear the tax”. OBJECTIVES OF GST: One of the main objective of Goods & Service Tax (GST) would be to eliminate the doubly taxation i.e. cascading effects of taxes on production and distribution cost of goods and services. The exclusion of cascading effects i.e. tax on tax till the level of final consumers will significantly improve the competitiveness of original goods and services in market which leads to beneficial impact to the GDP growth of the country. Introduction of a GST to replace the existing multiple tax structures of Centre and State taxes is not only desirable but imperative. Integration of various taxes into a GST system would make it possible to give full credit for inputs taxes collected. GST, being a destination-based consumption tax based on VAT principle. GST has been envisaged as a more efficient tax system, neutral in its application and attractive in distribution. The advantages of GST are: Wider tax base, necessary for lowering the tax rates and eliminating classification disputes
1) Elimination of multiplicity of taxes and their cascading effects.
2) Rationalization of tax structure and simplification of compliance procedures.
3) Harmonization of center and State tax administrations, which would reduce duplication and compliance, costs.
4) Automation of compliance procedures to reduce errors and increase efficiency.